DOGRE Jammua De

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DOGRE Jammua De

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History of Dogri Cinema

The first Dogri language film, a black and white film Gallan Hoyein Beetiyan, was made in 1966 while the first colour film in the language, Maa Ni Mildi directed by Roop Sagar, written and produced by Amit Choudhary was released in August 2010. In 1999, first tele-film in the language Chanchlo, was directed by Shanker Bhan with screenplay by B. R. Ishara. The film was made for state-run Srinagar-Doordarshan, Now DD KASHIR and received critical acclaim.

First Dogri film that was released in September, 1966 – Kuldip Kumar’s Gallan Hoyian Beetiyan – was released at Shanker Theatre, Jammu. In 2003, Children's Film Society of India (CSFI) produced a docu-drama named Himmat in Dogri language – on bravery of children – it participated in Indian panorama at the IFFI in the same year. The first-ever Pahari feature film ‘Lakeer', a venture of the Jammu-based NGO ‘Abhiyaan’, released on Friday, 14 January 2011 at the Hari Theatre, Jammu.The film was Directed by Shiv Dutt Sharma. In 140-minutes of moving dialogues, soulful music and excellent photography, ‘Lakeer’ tells the tale of a woe of a family that is split apart during the 1947-partition. Neelam Kumar Phull's Kuggi Maar Duaari was the third Dogri film released on 16 December 2011. Appreciated and honoured the crew and Artists with momento as efforts for promotion of Dogri language and culture by university of Jammu . The movie also recommended by Chief Education officer J& k govt. for school and college - Awarded 9 LOKRANG awards by regional cultural Groups. 4th Dogri film Reet Produced and Directed by Pankaj Khajuria was released on 21 September 2012. Gul Gulshan Gulfam was the first bilingual (Dogri and Kashmiri) film, directed by Sarfraz Alvi, was released on 14 December 2012. Geetiyan is the biggest hit movie of Dogri Cinema, Directed by Raahul Sharma; released on 28 February 2014. Dille Ch Vasya Koi (2011) directed by Sanjeev Rattan received the National Film Award for Best Feature Film In Dogri.

Chronology of Dogri Cinema

Gallan Hoyein Beetiyan in September, 1966
Maa Ni Mildi on 13 August 2010 {Yashmi Film Production}
Kuggi Maar Duaari {Shree T Creations} Produced and directed by Neelam Kumar Phull, released on 16 December 2011.
Dille Ch Vasya Koi (2011) directed by Sanjeev Rattan
Reet released on 21 September 2012, {Navrudra Productions} Produced and directed by Pankaj Khajuria
Gul Gulshan Gulfam was the first bilingual (Dogri and Kashmiri) film, directed by Sarfraz Alvi, was released on 14 December 2012
Geetiyan - {Bees Carving Directs Productions} Directed by Raahul Sharma; released on 28 February 2014
Silsile Pyar De - {Tilak Film Production} under Production
Migi Tere Kanne Pyar Hoi Gaaya - {Yashmi Film Production}under production
Bhola Bhalla - {Yashmi Film Production} under Production
Khand Mitthe Log Dogre - {Arjun Mahajan Production} under Production
Pakhroo - under Production
Doli - {Jai Maa Productions} under Production

The National Film Award for Best Feature Film In Dogri is one of the National Film Awards given by Ministry of Information and Broadcasting and Directorate of Film Festivals, India. Till now, it was awarded only at the 59th National Film Awards in 2011 to Dille Ch Vasya Koi (2011) directed by Sanjeev Rattan.

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Jammu and Kashmir History

Jammu and Kashmir was, from 1846 until 1952, a princely state in the British Empire in India, and was ruled by Jamwal Rajput Dogra Dynasty. The state was created in 1846 after the First Anglo-Sikh War as per the Treaty of Amritsar. The East India Company annexed the Kashmir Valley, Ladakh, and Gilgit-Baltistan from the Sikhs, and then transferred it to Gulab Singh in return for an indemnity payment of 7, 500, 000 Nanakshahee Rupees.
At the time of the Indian independence, Maharaja Hari Singh, the ruler of the state, preferred to become independent and remain neutral between the successor dominions of India or the Pakistan. However, an uprising in the western districts of the State followed by an attack by raiders from the neighbouring Northwest Frontier Province, supported by Pakistan, put an end to his plans for independence. On 26 October 1947, the Maharaja signed the Instrument of Accession joining the Dominion of India with conditions in return for military aid. The western and northern districts presently known as Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistanpassed to the control of Pakistan.
The Dogra state in Jammu was established by Dhruv Dev during the declining years of the Mughal Empire. Raja Gulab Singh, his direct descendant, was 16 years old when, in 1808, the Sikh Empire under Maharaja Ranjit Singh conquered Jammu. Gulab Singh and his two brothers, Dhyan Singh and Suchet Singh, went on to enrol in the Sikh troops. Gulab Singh soon distinguished himself in battles, and was awarded a Jagir near Jammu and allowed to keep an independent force. After the conquest of Kishtwar (1821) and the subjugation of Rajouri, he was made a hereditary Raja of Jammu in 1822, with an annual allowance of 300, 000 rupees. Ranjit Singh personally anointed him as the Raja. His brother Dhyan Singh received Poonch and Suchet Singh Ramnagar.
By 1827, Gulab Singh brought under his control all the principalities lying between Kashmir and Jammu. Dhyan Singh became the Lord Chamberlain and, later, Prime Minister for Ranjit Singh. Gulab Singh acquired fame in the Sikh court as a warrior and an able manager of the State's affairs.

Maharaja

1. Gulab Singh 1846–1857

2. Ranbir Singh 1857–1885

3. Pratap Singh of Jammu and Kashmir 1885–1925

4. Hari Singh 1925–1948

5. Karan Singh (Prince Regent) 1948-1952

Prime Ministers

1 Raja Hari Singh 1925 1927

2 Sir Albion Banerjee January, 1927 March, 1929

3 G.E.C. Wakefield 1929 1931

4 Hari Kishen Kaul 1931 1932

5 Elliot James Dowell Colvin 1932 1936

6 Sir Barjor J. Dalal 1936 1936

7 Sir N. Gopalaswami Ayyangar 1936 July, 1943

8 Kailas Narain Haksar July, 1943 February, 1944

9 Sir Benegal Narsing Rau February, 1944 28 June 1945

10 Ram Chandra Kak 28 June 1945 11 August 1947

11 Janak Singh Katoch 11 August 1947 15 October 1947

12 Mehr Chand Mahajan 15 October 1947 5 March 1948

13 Sheikh Abdullah 5 March 1948 9 August 1953

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DOGRA REGIMENT

Motto - Kartavyam Anvatma (Duty Before Death)
War Cry - Jawala Mata Ki Jai (Victory to Goddess Jawala)

The Dogra Regiment is an infantry unit of the Indian Army, formerly the 17th Dogra Regiment when part of the British Indian Army.
The regiment has the Dogra people from the Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and the hill regions of Punjab. The current regiment was formed in 1922 through the amalgamation of three separate regiments of Dogras as the 17th Dogra Regiment. They were:
• 1st Battalion - Formerly the 37th (Prince of Wales's Own) Dogras
• 2nd Battalion - Formerly the 38th Dogras
• 3rd Battalion - Formerly the 1st Battalion, 41st Dogras
• 10th (Training) Battalion - Formerly the 2nd Battalion, 41st Dogras

The 41st Dogras were an infantry regiment of the British Indian Army. It could trace its origins to 1900, when it was raised as the 41st (Dogra) Bengal Infantry. After World War I, the Indian government reformed the army, moving from regiments with a single battalion to multi battalion regiments. It dropped '17th' from its title in 1945 and was allocated to India upon its independence in 1947.

Enlisting in the army is seen as an honourable pursuit for Dogras, with the earnings of the soldiers of the regiment forming a sizeable part of the local economy. The regiment currently has 18 battalions. The 1st Battalion was reroled in 1981 to become the 7th Battalion, Mechanised Infantry Regiment.

Soldiering has not only become a substantial part of the economic structure of the Dogra Hills, but created social and cultural traditions built on the people's association with the army. The regiment has produced one Army Chief, General Nirmal Chander Vij. The General also served as the 10th Colonel-in-Chief of the Dogra Regiment and the Dogra Scouts.

In the pre-Independence era, the Dogras had to their credit three Victoria Crosses and 44 Military Crosses besides 312 other awards. Two battalions of the 17th Dogra Regiment (the 2nd and 3rd), also fought in the Malayan Campaign. After the Fall of Singapore, a large number of the captured troops later went on to join the Indian National Army.

UNITS
• 2nd Battalion
• 3rd Battalion
• 4th Battalion
• 5th Battalion
• 6th Battalion
• 7th Battalion
• 8th Battalion
• 9th Battalion
• 10th Battalion (DBN)
• 11th Battalion
• 12th Battalion
• 13th Battalion
• 14th Battalion
• 15th Battalion
• 16th Battalion
• 17th Battalion
• 18th Battalion
• 19th Battalion
• 20th Battalion

BATTLE HONOURS
Pre-Independence
combined battle honours of 37th (Prince of Wales's Own) Dogras, 38th Dogras, 41st Dogras:
• The Great War: La Bassée 1914, Festubert 1914-1915, Givenchy 1914, Neuve Chapelle, Aubers, France and Flanders 1914-15, Egypt 1915, Megiddo, Nablus, Palestine 1918, Tigris 1916, Kut al Amara 1917, Baghdad, Mesopotamia 1915-18, Aden, NW Frontier India 1915-1917
• Afghanistan 1919
• The Second World War: Kota Bahru, Malaya 1941-42, Donbaik, Nunshigum, Magwe, Kennedy Peak, Burma 1942-45

Post Independence
• Jhangar, Rajauri, Jammu and Kashmir 1947-48, Hajipir, Raja Picquet-Chand Tekri, OP Hill (NL 1053), Jammu and Kashmir 1965, Asal Uttar, Dograi, Punjab 1965, Suadhi, Siramani, Chauddagram, East Pakistan 1971, Dera Baba Nanak, Punjab 1971 where Lieutenant Colonel Narinder Singh Sandhu displayed Valour and Courage and in the true traditions of the Indian Army won The Maha Vir Chakra.
• The Highest Gallantry Award with the Dogra Regiment in post-independence era is the Ashok Chakra that was conferred posthumously to Major Sandeep Shankla in 1992 by then President of India Shri. R. Venkataraman. Maj. Sandeep Shankla belonged to the 18th Regiment of the Dogras.

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PEER KHOH TEMPLE
It is located on Circular Road at a distance of about 3.5 km from Jammu’s city centre. Inside the temple is a naturally formed Shivalingam that attracts hordes of devotees. This temple is located on the banks of Tawi River and is surrounded by a beautiful forest.

Dedicated to the lord of destruction Shiva, this cave temple is believed to have gateways to other caves and shrines, some supposedly even outside of India. The cave is made up of igneous rocks which lends a spiritual aura to the shrine and is located about 20 to 30 feet below the ground level. The cause and formation of the Shivalingam that is placed on a white marble slab is shrouded in mystery.

Coiled around the black Shivalingam is a snake made out of copper while the top is plated with silver. The architecture of this temple and paintings inside strongly hint at a Dogra influence characterized by an emphasis on colour blue. The inverted round dome or Gumband is designed like a lotus and decorated with floral motifs and other paintings dating back to Dogra era. The paintings also bear a strong resemblance to 19th century Jammu style of painting. This temple is adorned with arched niches that house beautiful paintings.
Inside Peer Kho temple and at a lower level is Nau Durga shrine. Life-sized idols of Lord Rama, Lord Vishnu, Sita and many other gods and goddesses are placed here. A covered courtyard within the temple leads to Nau Devis Gufa (Cave of the nine Devis). The nine Devis standing majestically on a long platform is indeed a view to behold.

Although the formation of Shivalingam in this cave temple is unexplained, Ramayana and popular folklore are of the belief that this is the place where mighty Jamvant (the bear God) had meditated. The existence of this temple can be traced back to the period of Dogra regime. According to unofficial historical records, it is said that this temple was built by Raja Ajaib Dev in honour of Peer (Saint) Siddha Ghareeb Nath way back in 15th century A.D.

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